Reference: Lopera, G., Albar, M. J., García-Ramírez, M. y Fernández Garrido, C. (2011). Factors explaining the application of the law of patient autonomy by surgical staff. Gaceta Sanitaria, 25, 461-467. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2011.04.011
Abstract: Objective: To examine which contextual factors explain the implementation of the Patient Autonomy Law (LAP) by professionals involved in the surgical process.
Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study survey. It was conducted at the Hospital Virgen Macarena in Seville with the surgical staff. Dependent variable: the application of LAP. Independent variables: the perception of socio-structural organizational characteristics according to Kanter’s model (organizational culture, sociopolitical support, access to information, and access to resources), the perception of interprofessional collaboration, and knowledge of the LAP. We performed exploratory analysis, bivariate with parametric and nonparametric tests depending on the nature of the distributions; simple regression to determine the weight of each explanatory variable on the application of the LAP and, multiples introducing in the models those variables that had obtained significant regression coefficients. The analysis performed with a confidence level of 95%.
Results: Participants: 170 professionals (response rate: 60.28%). Behaviour according to the LAP is present in a medium-high level among physicians and nurses. Significant differences were observed in the application of the LAP according to the different sociolaboral variables and considering medical staff, the working environment and the specialty. Multiple regression analyses revealed the relationship between the application of the LAP and interprofessional collaboration, in physicians.
Conclusions: Kanter’s model and the scale of interprofessional collaboration, may contribute to the explanation of the influence of the hospital context in the implementation of the LAP and the results may guide us when designing strategies to implement the law. It would be necessary to overcome the traditional structures and create decentralized and flexible conditions that encourage teamwork and shared decision making.
Keywords: Patient rights, Working conditions, Cooperative behavior, Operating rooms.